Full and partial dentures offer patients a dental replacement option for multiple missing teeth positioned in various places around the mouth. Both types of dentures involve artificial teeth sitting on a plate base. The plate for full dentures fits tightly over the gums and uses the jawbone for stability. Partial dentures sit on the gums but have a metal loop on each end that fit over natural teeth as an anchor.
Dentures need to have a proper, comfortable fit in order for you to chew properly and avoid causing damage or irritation to your gums. Your dentist or denturist will work hard to ensure your denture experience is positive. But sometimes there are some oral problems that require treatment before the dentures can be properly fit.
Here are a couple of those potential problems and the treatment solutions.
A torus is an extra bone that grows around your jaw. This bone can appear on the inner edge of the lower jaw, on the roof of your mouth, or on the exterior of the upper jaw near your rear molars.
Tori, as the growths are called in plural, are not dangerous or signs of oral cancer. The only time a torus can become problematic is when you need dentures and the extra bone is in the way. You don't want your dentures to be overly large to accommodate a torus or tori because the plate would be loose everywhere else.
Removal of a torus or tori is fairly simple. Your dentist will administer local anesthesia, cut into the gum around the torus, and then file away the bone until it's gone. You will have a brief healing period and then your dentures can be fitted.
Jawbone deterioration can occur due to a bone loss condition such as osteoporosis or due to infection-related decay. The jawbone tends not to deteriorate at the same rate around your entire mouth. In fact, you could have a mostly healthy jawbone with one or two weak areas. Full dentures need a strong and fairly even jawbone to hold the plate in place.
Your dentist can correct weak areas of jawbone using a bone graft, which uses bone taken from the roof of your mouth. The new bone is spliced into the weak area and allowed to heal until the two segments fuse. Your dentures can then be fitted.
Leaving deterioration untreated risks spreading the problem throughout your mouth so it's better to get a graft as soon as deterioration becomes an issue. Otherwise you could have a more severe fit problem in the future.
To get professional dental care, contact a dental office such as Sunridge Landing Dental Care.